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202 785-5100


IWPR publishes its research in formats ranging from short fact sheets to longer form research reports. The Institute publishes on topics addressing the policy needs of women, including pay equity, retirement security, family leave, paid sick days, and employment.

For a full overview of our research areas and to view publications by topic, please visit our Initiatives area. All publications are available for free download on our website or you may choose to buy them through the Google Checkout icon to the right of the publication listing.  To request a publication by phone or e-mail, please contact Mallory Mpare at 202-785-5100 or

Browse our publications below or use our Publication Finder to search for what you're looking for.

Latest Reports from IWPR

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Temporary Work
by Heidi Hartmann and June Lapidus (March 1990)

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Low-Wage Jobs and Workers: Trends and Options for Change
by Roberta Spalter-Roth, Diana Pierce, Heidi Hartmann, Linda Andrews, and Stephen Hopkins (November 1989)

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Temporary Work
by Heidi Hartmann and June Lapidus (September 1989)


Feminization of Poverty: A Second Look
by (August 1989)

From the poor widow of Biblical times to the divorced mother of today, women have always experienced a disproportionate share of poverty. But in the United States in the nineteen-sixties and seventies that share appeared to be increasing in a trend known as the 'feminization of poverty' (Pearce, 1978.) Events in the nineteen-eighties, however, raise the possibility that the feminization of poverty trend has either reversed itself, or that it has been overwhelmed: unemployment, homelessness, and poverty have increased in this decade, for men as well as women, to a degree not seen since the Depression. Popular aricles on poverty in the nineteen-eigthies focus on plant closings, displaced workers, competitiveness, budget deficits, trade imbalances... and the "New Poor." The "New Poor" are not women, or even children, but are archetypically the 47 year-old Pittsburgh steelworker, more of less permanently laid-off.

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Mothers, Children, and Low-Wage Work: The Ability to Earn a Family Wage
by Roberta Spalter-Roth, Heidi Hartmann, and Linda Andrews (August 1989)

#D403, Book Chapter, 12 pages
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Recent Wage Developments in Telecommunications: An Example from the Northeast
by Roberta Spalter-Roth, Heidi Hartmann, and Linda Andrews (August 1989)

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The Importance of Health Benefits in the Telecommunications Industry
by Roberta Spalter-Roth and Linda Andrews (August 1989)

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The Dual Disadvantage of Displaced Homemakers: Findings from the Study, Lw-Wage Jobs and Workers: trends and options for Change
by Roberta Spalter-Roth (June 1989)

Testimony before the Subcommittee on Employment and Productivity, Committee on Labor and Human Resources, U.S. Senate. Examines trends in the low-wage work to family poverty, and factors of upward mobility to provide a basis for policy development. Available by mail in limited quantities. E-mail iwpr [at] iwpr [dot] org to place an order.

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Comparing the Living Standards of Husbands and Wives: In and Out of Marriage
by Roberta Spalter-Roth, PH.D (March 1989)

This paper argues that analyzing the livings standards of husbands and wives within families is a critical challenge for researchers concerned with the valid measurement of family well-being. No major data sets provide information about significant aspects of individual family members' living standards. The family remains a "black box" because it is treated as the natural unit of analysis. The paper defines living standards, reviews examples of inter- and intra- family examples, finds these efforts guilty of methodological sexism, describes a small scale study that needs replication, and notes the importance of housework in any measures of living standards. It concludes with suggestions for two major changes in data collection efforts.

#B201, Briefing Paper, 8 pages

Child Care Worker's Salaries
by (January 1989)


High Skill and Low Pay: The Economics of Child Care Work
by (January 1989)

In the midst of a debate over the cost and quality of child care and the appropriate public role in its provision, this paper documents the current situation of child care workers. Using available data from the Census Bureau, the Bureau of Labor Statistics, and numerous salary surverys conducted by a variety of groups across the country, it describes who child care workers are, in terms of their gender, race, age, and education; the job titles, occupations, and settings in which they work; and the wages and benefits they receive.

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Feminism vs Familism: Research and Policy for the 1990's
by Roberta Spalter-Roth, PH.D (November 1988)

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Women's Work, Economic Trends, and Policy Issues
by Heidi Hartmann, Ph.D (May 1988)

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The Economic Realities of Child Care
by Heidi Hartmann (April 1988)

Testimony before the Subcommittee on Human Resources, Committee on Education and Labor, U.S. House of Representatives, Washington DC, and Supplementary Statement. Suggests that public subsidies for child care and public regulation of child care providers are warranted, and that policies assisting parents in combining work with family care will ensure workers needed for economic growth. Available by mail in limited quantities. E-mail iwpr [at] iwpr [dot] org to place an order.

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Wages of Salaries of Child Care Workers: The Economic and Social Implications of Raising Child Care Worker's Salaries
by Diana Pearce (March 1988)

Testimony before the Subcommittee on Children, Drugs, and Alcoholism, Committee on Labor and Human Resources, U.S. Sebate, Washington, DC. Describes who are the child care workers, their salaries, reasons the salaries are so low, and teh effects of low salaries. Available by mail in limited quantities. E-mail iwpr [at] iwpr [dot] org to place an order.


OPM Comparable Worth / Pay Equity Study Overstates Women’s Progress In Federal Workplace
by (November 1987)

A recent report by the Office of Personnel Management (OPM) contains numerous misleading conclusions about women's progress in the federal government and the impact of pay equity (also known as comparable worth) on women's future employment gains in this sector. The data the OPM report and its assessment of comparable worth/ pay equity are flawed. OPM overstates the progress of women in a few occupations and grades and ignores the continued predominance of women in low-paid, female-intensive occupations-- the exact problem that pay equity is meant to address. This paper uses data from the OPM report, and other unpublished data from the agency, to show why pay equity is still needed in the federal government.

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Costs to Women and Their Families of Childbirth and Lack of Parental Leave
by Roberta Spalter-Roth, Heidi Hartmann (October 1987)

Testimony before the Subcommittee on Children, Families, Drugs and Alcoholism, Committee on Labor and Human Resources, U.S., using figures and charts from IWPR's study Unnecessary Losses: Costs to Americans of the Lack of Family and Medical Leave.

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Gender Practices and Employment: The Sears Case and the Issue of "Choice"
by Phyllis Palmer and Roberta Spalter-Roth (September 1987)

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