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Publications

IWPR publishes its research in formats ranging from short fact sheets to longer form research reports. The Institute publishes on topics addressing the policy needs of women, including pay equity, retirement security, family leave, paid sick days, and employment.

For a full overview of our research areas and to view publications by topic, please visit our Initiatives area. All publications are available for free download on our website or you may choose to buy them through the Google Checkout icon to the right of the publication listing.  To request a publication by phone or e-mail, please contact Mallory Mpare at 202-785-5100 or mpare@iwpr.org.

Browse our publications below or use our Publication Finder to search for what you're looking for.

Latest Reports from IWPR

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Women and Welfare Reform: Women's Poverty, Women's Opportunities, and Women's Welfare Conference Proceedings
by Gwendolyn Mink (March 1994)

Transcript of presentations and discussions at a conference sponsored by IWPR, chaired by the late Congresswoman Patsy Mink, and co-chaired by Congresswomen Lynn Woolsey and Maxine Waters and Congressman Ed Pastor. Held in Washington, DC, in October 1993. Topics include welfare myths and women's lives, welfare reform proposals, women's employment opportunities, and alternatives to welfare. Pwerful and timeless analysis by feminist scholars such as Mimi Abramovitz, Richard Cloward, Lynne Burbridge, Martha Davis, and Linda Gordon. Available by mail in limited quantities. E-mail iwpr [at] iwpr [dot] org to place an order.

 
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A Feminist Approach to Policy Making for Women and Families
by Heidi Hartmann and Roberta Spalter-Roth (March 1994)

 
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What Do Unions Do for Women?
by Roberta Spalter-Roth, Heidi Hartmann, and Nancy Collins (March 1994)

At a time when union membership has been declining overall, a new report by IWPR, "What Do Unions Do For Women?" shows that the number of women who are unions members has continued to increase. As a result, women are currently 37 percent of organized labor membership-- a higher percentage than at any time in the US labor movement's history. Thus the face of unionism in the US is changing, even though much of the research on unions continues to focus on men. IWPR research shows that union membership for women because membership or coverage under a collective bargaining agreement is associated with higher wages and job tenure, as well as a smaller pay gap between women and men.

 
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Making Work Pay: The Real Employment Opportunities of Single Mothers Participating in the AFDC Program
by Roberta Spalter-Roth, PH.D (February 1994)

 
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AFDC Recipients as Caregivers and Workers: A Feminist Approach to Income Security Policy for Women
by Roberta Spalter-Roth, Ph.D, and Heidi Hartmann, Ph.D (January 1994)

This article examines whether current proposals that "reward work over welfare" by continuing the shift in AFDC from a program that subsidizes the private, familial caregiving activities of impoverished mothers to a program that subsidizes their low-wage employment will aid AFDC recipients in bringing their families out of poverty. The research presented here, based on the US Bureau of the Census' Survey of Income and Program Participation, shows that the kind of intermittent jobs that AFDC recipients are likely to obtain do not provide the earnings necessary to keep their families out of poverty, without additional income support. The research further suggests that because the Earned Income Tax Credit, the major program to supplement wages, most benefits full-time, full-year workers and does not take into account women's caregiving activities and their family-related work absences, most recipients will not be better off as a result of welfare reform proposals. Alternative income support programs, such as expanded Unemployment Insurance and Temporary Disability Insurance, that provide for all the sources of earning losses common to single mothers will be needed to bring families out of poverty, if AFDC benefits become time-limited. Additional strategies such as reforming the low-wage labor market, including its race and gender bias, and augmenting AFDC are also suggested. These policies, taken together, can benefit AFDC recipients (and other low-wage working mothers) as both workers and as caregivers.

 
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Women, Work, and Households in Ciudad Juarez
by Gay Young, Ph.D, and Beatriz E. Vera, M.A. (January 1994)

 
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What Do Unions Do for Women?
by Roberta Spalter-Roth, Heidi Hartmann, and Nancy Collins (January 1994)

 

The Health Benefits and Potential Savings from Screening and Intervention for Domestic Violence
by Stephanie Aaronson and Nicoletta Karam (January 1994)

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The Impact of the Glass Ceiling and Structural Change on Minorities and Women
by Lois Shaw, Dell Champlin, Heidi Hartmann, and Roberta Spalter-Roth (December 1993)

 
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Dependence on Men, the Market, or the State: The Rhetoric and Reality of Welfare Reform
by Roberta Spalter-Roth, Ph.D, and Heidi Hartmann, Ph.D (November 1993)

 
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The Real Employment Opportunities of Women Participating in AFDC: What the Market Can Prove
by Heidi Hartmann and Roberta Spalter-Roth (October 1993)

 
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Supporting Work: The Relation Between Employment Opportunities and Financial and Other Support Programs
by Roberta Spalter-Roth, Beverly Burr (August 1993)

Testimony before the Working Group on Welfare Reform, Family Support and Independence. Describes employment patterns of single mothers with a history of AFDC receipt. Argues that to implement a time-limited welfare reform plan, eligibility and benefit levels for the Earned Income Tax Credit and Unemployment Insurance must be expanded.

 
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Self Employment Versus Wage and Salary Jobs: How Do Women Fare?
by Roberta Spalter-Roth, Ph.D, Heidi Hartmann, Ph.D, and Lois Shaw, Ph.D (July 1993)

 

New IWPR Study Examines the Benefits of Alternative Employment Patterns for Male and Female Workers
by Roberta Spalter-Roth, Ph.D, Heidi Hartmann, Ph.D, and Lois Shaw (June 1993)

 

Exploring the Characteristics of Self-Employment and Part-Time Work Among Women
by (May 1993)

The quality of jobs created during the 1980s-- and whether these were "good" jobs or "bad" jobs-- has been the source of a highly charged debate. The quality of jobs is of increasing importance to women as their financial responsibility for themselves and their families has grown, and they have been seeking employment opportunities at increasing rates. Between 1970 and 1990 the labor force participation rates of mothers increased from about 40 percent to 67 percent, so that by 1990, 22 million mothers were in the labor force. Six million of these women workers were single parents. Because of family responsibilities, and for other reasons, such as requiring more education, many women may seek alternative, more flexible employment, both in part-time work and self-employment. As a result, the caliber of part-time jobs, self-employment, and other alternative forms of employment available to women workers in a pressing topic for research.

 

Exploring the Characteristics of Self-Employment and Part-Time Work Among Women
by (May 1993)

The quality of jobs created during the 1980s-- and whether these were "good" jobs or "bad" jobs-- has been the source of a highly charged debate. The quality of jobs is of increasing importance to women as their financial responsibility for themselves and their families has grown, and they have been seeking employment opportunities at increasing rates.

 
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What is Temporary Disability Insurance?
by Stephanie Aaronson (May 1993)

 
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Feminist Economic Agendas and the Clinton Plan
by Roberta Spalter-Roth, Ph.D. (March 1993)

 
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Do Mothers Stay on the Job? What Employers Can Do to Increase Retention After Childbirth
by Janice Hamilton Outzz (February 1993)

Since 1989, when Felice Schwartz created a furor with her "Mommy Track" piece in the pages of Harvard Business Review, two things have become abundantly clear: the growth in employment among mothers of infants and toddlers shows no sign of stopping or reversing itself, and the US is in the middle of a baby "boomlet" as the baby boomers continue to have their postponed while younger cohorts start their child bearing years earlier than the baby boomers did. So just how far have we come in our understanding of how to manage maternity in the workplace? Fortunately, two recent studies shed light on many of the mistaken assumptions and open questions about the behavior of employed women who become pregnant.

 
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Combinando El Trabajo Y La Asistencia Social: Una Estrategia Alterna Para Combatir La Pobreza
by Roberta Spalter-Roth, Heidi Hartmann, and Linda Andrews (November 1992)

 
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