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IWPR publishes its research in formats ranging from short fact sheets to longer form research reports. The Institute publishes on topics addressing the policy needs of women, including pay equity, retirement security, family leave, paid sick days, and employment.

For a full overview of our research areas and to view publications by topic, please visit our Initiatives area. All publications are available for free download on our website or you may choose to buy them through the Google Checkout icon to the right of the publication listing.  To request a publication by phone or e-mail, please contact Mallory Mpare at 202-785-5100 or

Browse our publications below or use our Publication Finder to search for what you're looking for.

Latest Reports from IWPR

Why Privatizing Social Security Would Hurt Women: A Response to the Cato Institute's Proposal for Individual Accounts
by Catherine Hill, Ph.D. (February 2000)

In a 1998 memorandum to the Institute for Women’s Policy Research, the Cato Institute claimed that its proposals meet the National Council of Women’s Organizations’ (NCWO) “check list” for Social Security reform and hence deserve NCWO’s support. This fact sheet refutes this claim, drawing attention to four central problems with privatizing Social Security: increased risk, the high costs associated with the transition from a pay-as-you-go to a pre-funded system, and the high costs of administrating individual accounts and purchasing life and disability insurance in the private market. Table 2 responds to the Cato Institute’s claims regarding the NCWO’s principles for Social Security reform point by point and concludes that privatizing Social Security would hurt, not help, most women.


Strengthening Social Security for Women--A Report from the Working Conference on Women and Social Security
by Heidi Hartmann and Catherine Hill with Lisa Witter (February 2000)

This report is from the 1999 Working Conference on Women and Social Security. It presents recommendations on how to close Social Security's projected solvency gap as well as options to strengthen Social Security for women and families.

Report, 22 pages
Preview not available

Women's Political Participation: Status of the Women in the States
by Amy Young (February 2000)

Participating in the political process is one way women can seek representation of their interests and influence policies affecting their lives. Voter registration and turnout, female state and federal elected representation, and women's state institutional resources are all crucial to making women's political concerns visible. Although women have made significant political gains over the last century, women are far from achieving political equality. Eighty years after the Nineteenth Amendment granted female suffrage, women today are more likely than men to register and to vote. However, women are still drastically underrepresented in federal and state government. Although slightly more than half the population, women hold only 12.1 percent of seats in the US Congress and 22.4 percent of seats in state legislatures across the country. "The Status of Women in the States" is an ongoing research project conducted by the Institute for Women's Policy Research (IWPR) to establish baseline measures of the status of women in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. Political participation is one of several measures IWPR uses to compare women's status among the states.

Preview not available

Why Privatizing Social Security Would Hurt Women: A Response to the Cato Institute's Proposal for Individual Accounts
by Catherine Hill, Lois Shaw, Heidi Hartmann (February 2000)


The Gender Wage Gap Earnings Ratio Between Women and Men Employed Full-Time, Year-Round, 1997
by April Shaw (January 2000)

The Institute for Women’s Policy Research’s ongoing research project The Status of Women in the States measures women’s status in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. One component of this project is the calculation of the gender wage gap. This table presents the results of this state-by-state calculation.

#C348W, Fact Sheet, 1 page

Part-Time Opportunities for Professionals and Managers: Where are They, Who uses Them and Why
by Heidi Hartmann, PhD, Young-Hee Yoon, PhD, and Diana Zuckerman, PhD (January 2000)

Married women and children entered the workforce in unprecedented numbers during the last two decades, and part-time employment is one strategy that could potentially help employees successfully integrate their work and family responsibilities. This study by the Institute for Women's Policy Research provides new information about an important and large group of employees-managers and professionals, who together constitute 29 percent of the labor force.

#B232, 94 pages

Winter 2000 Quarterly Newsletter
by (January 2000)


Strengthening Social Security for Women
by Task for on Women and Social Security, National Council of Women's Organizations in Collaboration with IWPR (January 2000)

A report from the working conference on Women and Social Security.


Part-Time Opportunities for Profesionals and Managers
by Heidi Hartmann, Young-Hee Yoon, Diana Zuckerman (December 1999)

Where are they, who uses them and why


Status of Women in the States: State Advisory Committee Toolkit
by Amy Caiazza, PhD and April Shaw (December 1999)

Welcome! This set of guidelines is intended to introduce you to the Institute for Women's Policy Research and its Status of Women in the States project. We look forward to working with you on this project and hope you find these materials useful.

Preview not available

Strategy Forum for Improving Unemployment Insurance: Policies to Benefit Women, Low-Wage, and Contingent Workers
by IWPR (November 1999)

The complete briefing book for the Strategy Forum was assembled to help participants prepare and to serveas a general resource on research and advocacy for reform of unemployment insurance (UI) programs. It includes overviews and background information on the UI system. model legislation for UI reform, and press clips regarding UI reform work. Topics include the need for UI reform, building support, and funding. The material ranges from the fairly general to the technical. Whatever your current involvement with and knowledge of the UI system, thsi briefing book can assist you in your work to improve the adequacy of income support offered by the UI system. Available by mail in limited quantities. E-mail iwpr [at] iwpr [dot] org to place an order.

Preview not available

Women and Unemployment Insurance
by IWPR (November 1999)

Explains how unemployment insurance (UI) works and discusses how women workers are often excluded from eligibility. Nationally only 23 percent of unemployed women receive UI.

Preview not available

Why Increase the Minimum Wage?
by Heidi Hartmann (October 1999)

Testimony before the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Educatoin and the Workforce. Argues that increasing the federal minimum wage and benefit levels in accordance with cost of living increases will reduce poverty of women and their families. Available by mail in limited quantities. E-mail iwpr [at] iwpr [dot] org to place an order.


Social Security Through the Years: Proposed Reforms for the System
by Carrie Apfel (June 1999)

Reviews the ways the Social Security system has and has not adapted to changes in women's and men's roles.


Equal Pay for Working Families
by (May 1999)

(Based on IWPR Report, Equal Pay for Working Families, by Heidi Hartmann, PhD, Katherine Allen, and Christine Owens)


Equal Pay for Working Families
by Heidi Hartmann, Ph.D., Katherine Allen, Christine Owens (May 1999)

Preview not available

Our Common Ground: Prominent Women Talk About Work and Family
by Diana Zuckerman (March 1999)

Tells the story of 11 prominent women, including Linda Chaves-Thompson, AFL-CIO; Judy Woodruff, CNN; Susan Molinari, former Congresswoman; and Carole SImpson, ABC News, as they struggled to combine work and family. They faced a broad range of challenges, including gender- and race-based discrimination in employment and the difficulty of providing care to family members with special needs. Available by mail in limited quantities. E-mail iwpr [at] iwpr [dot] org to place an order.


How Much Can Child Support Provide? Welfare, Family Income, and Child Support
by Kristine Witkowski and Hsaio-Ye Yi (March 1999)

When signing the most current welfare legislation, the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA). President Clinton Stated that "If every parent paid the child support that he or she owes legally today, we could move 800,000 women and children off welfare immediately" (quoted in Children Today, 1997). Although many share the President's expectations that greater child support enforcement and collections would help to meet the financial needs of children on welfare, it is uncertain whether the collection of such support is likely or if this support will be enough to help these children move out of poverty.

Preview not available

The Texas Unemployment Insurance System
by Maurice Emsellem, Katherine Allen, Lois Shaw (February 1999)

Examines the problem of access to the Texas Unemployment Insurance program by documenting inequitable treatment of low-wage, part-time, women, and minority workers. Co-published by the National Employment Law Project and IWPR.

Preview not available

Demographic and Economic Trends: Implications for Family Life and Public Policy
by Heidi Hartmann, Ph.D (December 1998)

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