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Publications

IWPR publishes its research in formats ranging from short fact sheets to longer form research reports. The Institute publishes on topics addressing the policy needs of women, including pay equity, retirement security, family leave, paid sick days, and employment.

For a full overview of our research areas and to view publications by topic, please visit our Initiatives area. All publications are available for free download on our website or you may choose to buy them through the Google Checkout icon to the right of the publication listing.  To request a publication by phone or e-mail, please contact Mallory Mpare at 202-785-5100 or mpare@iwpr.org.

Browse our publications below or use our Publication Finder to search for what you're looking for.

Latest Reports from IWPR

Women and Men in the Recovery: Where the Jobs Are; Women’s Recovery Strengthens in Year Four
by Heidi Hartmann, Ph.D., Elyse Shaw, and Elizabeth Pandya (November 2013)

While the number of jobs dropped steeply, particularly for men, in the Great Recession, slow job growth has characterized much of the recovery. In the first two years of the recovery men saw faster job growth than women. In the third year of recovery, women's job growth saw pronounced gains and had largely caught up to men's. Strong gains continued for women into the fourth year of recovery where, overall, the percentage of job’s recovered for women surpassed that of men’s. As of June 2013, men had regained 68 percent of the jobs they lost in the recession and women had regained 91 percent of the jobs they lost.

 

Expanding Social Security Benefits for Financially Vulnerable Populations
by Older Women's Economic Security (OWES) Task Force of the National Council of Women's Organizations and Center for Community Change (October 2013)

Social Security benefits are especially important to populations that experience greater economic insecurity as they age — particularly women, people of color, and same-sex couples. These populations are often disadvantaged both as workers and consumers, which contributes to their increased financial vulnerability in retirement. Social Security, from the beginning, has included features that partially offset the effects of workplace disadvantages. This legacy should be built upon by the enactment of the modest changes proposed in this white paper. This paper outlines five key policy changes that would help to build upon our Social Security system and help to make sure that it functions even better for women, samesex spouses, and low-income people.

 

Testimony of Claudia Williams, Institute for Women’s Policy Research Before the Committee on Finance and Revenue of the Washington D.C. City Council regarding B20-438 and B20-480
by Claudia Williams (October 2013)

 

Valuing Good Health in the District of Columbia: The Costs and Benefits of the Earned Sick and Safe Leave Amendment Act of 2013
by Claudia Williams and Jeff Hayes, Ph.D. (October 2013)

Using the parameters of the proposed legislation and publicly available data, the Institute for Women’s Policy Research (IWPR) estimates some of the anticipated costs and benefits to employees and employers that will result from providing earned sick days to newly covered workers. This analysis focuses specifically on the costs and benefits associated with potential new coverage in the restaurant industry, and part-time and recently hired workers in all occupations and industries.

 

Women's Jobs Reaching Pre-Recession Numbers
by Institute for Women's Policy Research (October 2013)

According to an Institute for Women’s Policy Research (IWPR) analysis of the October employment report from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), of the 148,000 total jobs added to nonfarm payrolls in September, women gained 76,000 of those jobs (51 percent) while men gained 72,000 jobs (49 percent).

 

Investing In Women's Employment
by International Finance Corporation (October 2013)

This report outlines how investing in women’s employment has led to enhanced business performance and productivity for companies in diverse countries and sectors. It was produced by WINvest, a World Bank Group partnership with the private sector for promoting women’s employment.

 

Gender Poverty Gap Grows in Recovery: Men's Poverty Dropped Since Recession, Women's Poverty Stagnates
by Jeffrey Hayes, Ph.D., Barbara Gault, Ph.D., and Heidi Hartmann, Ph.D. (September 2013)

The persistent gap in male and female poverty has been growing during the economic recovery, with 16.3 percent of females, and 13.6 percent of males living in poverty in 2012. The gender poverty gap reached an historic low in 2010 just after the official end of the recession, when 16.2 percent of females, and 14.0 percent of males lived in poverty (Figure 1).

 

Gender Wage Gap Projected to Close in Year 2058: Most Women Working Today Will Not See Equal Pay during their Working Lives
by Jeff Hayes, Ph.D. (September 2013)

 

The Gender Wage Gap: 2012
by Ariane Hegewisch, Claudia Williams (September 2013)

The ratio of women’s and men’s median annual earnings was 76.5 percent for full-time/year-round workers in 2012. This means the gender wage gap for full-time/year-round workers is 23.5 percent. Women’s median annual earnings in 2012 were $37,791 compared with $49,398 for men. The gender wage gap has stayed essentially unchanged since 2001. In the previous decade, between 1991 and 2000, it closed by almost four percentage points, and in the decade prior to that, 1981 and 1990, by over ten percentage points (Table 2). If the pace of change in the annual earnings ratio continues at the same rate as it has since 1960, it will take another 45 years, until 2058, for men and women to reach parity.

 

125,000 Jobs Gained by Women in August: Job Growth for Women Continues to Accelerate
by Institute for Women's Policy Research (September 2013)

According to the IWPR analysis of the September employment report from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), job growth remained anemic in August for men, but accelerated slightly for women. Of the 169,000 total jobs added to nonfarm payrolls in August, women gained 125,000 jobs (74 percent) while men gained 44,000 jobs (26 percent). According to the revised BLS numbers for July and previous months, women gained 103,000 jobs on average in May through August (66 percent of the total job gains), while men gained an average of 53,000 jobs across the four months (34 percent).

 

Spring/Summer 2013 Newsletter-25th Anniversary Edition
by Institute for Women's Policy Research (August 2013)

This special 25th Anniversary edition of the newsletter presents a review of IWPR's policy research since our founding in 1987.

 

The Importance of Social Security in the Incomes of Older Americans: Differences by Gender, Age, Race/Ethnicity, and Marital Status
by Jocelyn Fischer and Jeff Hayes, Ph.D. (August 2013)

Social Security is the largest source of income for most older Americans and is even more vital to particular demographic subgroups of older Americans. Analyzing the Current Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplement (ASEC) for calendar year 2011, this briefing paper examines the role of Social Security and other income sources in the retirement security of older Americans. It explores the unique value of Social Security to different gender, age, race/ethnic, and marital groups. It finds that significant shares of the older population rely on Social Security for the majority of their income and that Social Security lifts 14.8 million people out of poverty.

 
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The Status of Women in Eastern North Carolina
by Cynthia Hess, Ph.D. and Claudia Williams (August 2013)

Women in Eastern North Carolina, and in North Carolina as a whole, have made significant progress during the last few decades, but more remains to be done to elevate women’s status. The majority of women participate in the labor force—often in professional or managerial jobs—and make important contributions to the economic health of their communities. Yet, in some ways women’s status still lags behind men’s, and not all women are prospering equally. This briefing paper provides basic information about the status of women in Eastern North Carolina, focusing on women’s earnings and workforce participation, level of education, poverty, access to child care, and health status. It also provides basic demographic information about women in this area.

 
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The Status of Women in Robeson County, North Carolina
by Cynthia Hess, Ph.D. and Claudia Williams (August 2013)

Women in Robeson County, North Carolina, and in North Carolina as a whole, have made significant progress during the last few decades, but more remains to be done to elevate women’s status. Women make important contributions to the economic health of their communities—nearly half of women in Robeson County are in the labor force—but women’s status overall still lags behind men’s, and not all women are prospering equally. This briefing paper provides basic information about the status of women in Robeson County, focusing on women’s earnings and workforce participation, level of education, poverty, access to child care, and health status. It also provides basic demographic information about women in this area.

 

117,000 Jobs Gained by Women in July: Number of Women’s Jobs Is Approaching Pre-Recession Level
by Institute for Women's Policy Research (August 2013)

According to the IWPR analysis of the August employment report from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), job growth slowed in July for men, but accelerated slightly for women. Of the 162,000 total jobs added to nonfarm payrolls in July, women gained 117,000 jobs (72 percent) while men gained 45,000 jobs (28 percent). In June women gained 102,000 jobs and men gained 86,000 jobs.

 

Prepping Colleges for Parents: Strategies for Supporting Student Parent Success in Postsecondary Education
by Rachel Schumacher (July 2013)

This brief is a product of the Student Parent Success Initiative (SPSI) at the Institute for Women’s Policy Research (IWPR). It provides a framework for thinking about the range of supports student parents typically need and example programs. It draws from information and lessons learned collected by IWPR from initiatives supporting student parents at two- and four-year colleges and universities across the country. SPSI resources may be used to inform the decisions of leaders on campuses, in communities, and among policymakers to promote better success rates and stronger families for student parents in postsecondary education.

 

Student Parents and Financial Aid
by Mark Huelsman and Jennifer Engle, Institute for Higher Education Policy (July 2013)

This brief aims to explain the circumstances of student parents – particularly vis-á-vis the financial aid system – as well as detail major federal programs that could impact student parents’ college-going experience. Given that this population makes up around 1 in 4 students in higher education, it is important that these programs are better understood, utilized, and improved upon where needed.

 

The Third Shift: Child Care Needs and Access for Working Mothers in Restaurants
by The Restaurant Opportunities Centers United, Center for Law and Social Policy, Family Values @ Work, Institute For Women’s Policy Research, MomsRising, National Organization For Women, National Partnership For Women & Families, National Women’s Law Center (July 2013)

 
Preview not available

Job Growth Remains Steady for Both Women and Men
by Institute for Women's Policy Research (July 2013)

IWPR’s analysis of the July employment report from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) finds that job growth for both women and men continued to improve in June compared to the previous month. Of the 195,000 total jobs added to nonfarm payrolls, women gained 113,000 jobs (58 percent) while men gained 82,000 jobs (42 percent).

 

Balancing Work and Family: How Analyzing the Costs and Benefits of Work-Family Legislation Supports Policy Change
by Maureen Sarna, Ariane Hegewisch, and Heidi Hartmann, Ph.D. (June 2013)

important policies in allowing workers, particularly women who do the majority of family care, to balance employment with care giving responsibilities, including: family and medical leave and paid sick days, child care, and workplace flexibility. By identifying and estimating the costs and benefits of a wide range of workplace policies to both workers and their families, as well as to employers and society as a whole, IWPR has provided strong evidence against claims that these policies harm businesses and the economy. IWPR research has informed legislation at the local, state, and national levels. IWPR’s work has been highly influential in the passage of most of the nation’s leave policies, including the federal Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993, New Jersey’s Family Leave Insurance Program, California’s Paid Family Leave (PFL), and paid sick days legislation in San Francisco, the District of Columbia, Milwaukee (subsequently overturned by the state government), Connecticut, Seattle, and New York City.

 
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