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Publications

IWPR publishes its research in formats ranging from short fact sheets to longer form research reports. The Institute publishes on topics addressing the policy needs of women, including pay equity, retirement security, family leave, paid sick days, and employment.

For a full overview of our research areas and to view publications by topic, please visit our Initiatives area. All publications are available for free download on our website or you may choose to buy them through the Google Checkout icon to the right of the publication listing.  To request a publication by phone or e-mail, please contact Mallory Mpare at 202-785-5100 or mpare@iwpr.org.

Browse our publications below or use our Publication Finder to search for what you're looking for.

Latest Reports from IWPR

Women Gain 167,000 Jobs Out of 242,000 Jobs Added in February
by Institute for Women's Policy Research (March 2016)

The Institute for Women’s Policy Research (IWPR) analysis of the March employment report from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) finds that women gained 167,000 jobs and men gained 75,000 for a total of 242,000 jobs added in February, giving women 69 percent of job growth. February is the 72nd month of uninterrupted job growth in the private sector. The overall unemployment rate remained steady at 4.9 percent between January and February.

 

Poverty, Gender, and Public Policies
by Cynthia Hess, Ph.D., and Stephanie Román (February 2016)

Economic security is a critical part of women’s overall well-being that contributes to their educational attainment, health, family stability, and community engagement. Over the last few decades, women’s increased labor force participation, education, and earnings have helped many women attain economic security. Yet, a substantial number of women in the United States face economic hardship: approximately one in six adult women have family incomes below the federal poverty line. Multiple factors contribute to women’s economic insecurity, including the gender wage gap, women’s prevalence in low-paid occupations, a lack of work-family supports, and the challenges involved in accessing public benefits. This briefing paper presents some basic facts about women’s economic security and explores the causes of poverty among women and the ways that the effects of poverty reverberate throughout families’ lives. It concludes by examining strategies to improve women’s economic security and reduce poverty.

 

The Need for Support for Working Families
by Lindsey Reichlin, Ariane Hegewisch, and Barbara Gault (February 2016)

With women making up nearly half of the U.S. work force, and most children living in families with an employed mother, helping families balance work and family demands is an increasingly pressing priority. Few families have a “stay-at-home” parent to take care of health emergencies, look after the kids, or help with homework, yet workplace policies have not kept pace with this reality. Many workers do not have the basic work-family supports to provide the flexibility to deal with unforeseen events, or the predictability to meet caregiving responsibilities or to pursue education. This reduces economic opportunities, diminishes the health and well-being of mothers and their families, and pushes some women out of the workforce altogether. This briefing paper summarizes research on women’s employment and family responsibilities, and discusses three areas of workplace policy that provide opportunities to better support women and families: leave policies, child care and elder care supports, and access to workplace flexibility and predictability.

 

The Gender Wage Gap and Public Policy
by Cynthia Costello, Ph.D. and Ariane Hegewisch, M.A. (February 2016)

Women’s earnings are crucial to their families’ economic well-being. Women are close to half of all employees in the United States, they are half of all workers with college degrees, and they are the co- or main breadwinners in close to two thirds of families with children,1 yet they persistently earn less than men. Whether the gender wage gap is measured based on annual, weekly or hourly earnings, within or across occupations, women’s median earnings are lower than men’s. If progress toward closing the gender wage gap continues at the same pace as during recent decades, women and men will not reach equal pay until 2058 (Hess et al. 2015). This briefing paper sets out the basic facts about the gender wage gap, summarizing data on earnings differences between women and men by race and ethnicity, education, and occupation. It then discusses reasons for the gender wage gap, its consequences for women and their families, and policies that can help to close it.

 

The Role of the Federal Child Care Access Means Parents in School (CCAMPIS) Program in Supporting Student Parent Success
by Mary Sykes, Lindsey Reichlin, and Barbara Gault (February 2016)

Affordable, quality child care is crucial to the postsecondary success of the 4.8 million undergraduate students raising dependent children. Despite the growing number of postsecondary students who are parents, campus-based child care has been declining in recent years.

 

Status of Women in the South
by Julie Anderson, M.A, Elyse Shaw, M.A., Chandra Childers, Ph.D., Jessica Milli, Ph.D., and Asha DuMonthier (February 2016)

The Status of Women in the South builds on IWPR’s long-standing analyses and reports, The Status of Women in the States, that have provided data on the status of women nationally and for all 50 states plus the District of Columbia since 1996. The Status of Women in the South uses data from U.S. government and other sources to analyze women’s status in the southern United States, including Alabama, Arkansas, the District of Columbia, Florida Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia. States are ranked and graded on a set of indicators for six topical areas and, whenever possible, data is disaggregated by race and ethnicity to allow closer examination of the status of women of color in the South. Like all Status of Women in the States reports, The Status of Women in the South can be used to highlight women’s progress and the obstacles they continue to face and to encourage policy and programmatic changes that can improve women’s opportunities. This report is funded by the Ford Foundation, the American Federation of Teachers, and the Women’s Funding Network. Additional funding was provided by a variety of state and national partners. With advice and guidance from the Status of Women in the South Advisory Committee, this report has been informed by The Status of Women in the States: 2015, which also benefited from the expertise of its National Advisory Committee.

 

The Economic Impact of Equal Pay by State
by Institute for Women's Policy Research (February 2016)

Persistent earnings inequality for working women translates into lower lifetime pay for women, less income for families, and higher rates of poverty across the United States. In each state in the country, women experience lower earnings and higher poverty rates than men. The economic impact of this persistent pay inequality is far-reaching: if women in the United States received equal pay with comparable men, poverty for working women would be reduced by half and the U.S. economy would have added $482 billion (equivalent to 2.8 percent of 2014 GDP) to its economy. This fact sheet presents state-level data on the impact equal pay would have on poverty and each state’s economy.

 

Supportive Services in Job Training and Education: A Research Review
by Cynthia Hess, Ph.D., Yana Mayayeva, Lindsey Reichlin, and Mala Thakur (February 2016)

This report presents findings from a review and analysis of literature on the importance, effectiveness, and availability of support services for participants in job training programs in the United States. It assesses current knowledge about these services by examining reports on training and education programs, as well as literature on the importance of supportive services for low-income individuals in general. The report also examines the availability of supportive services in the workforce development system, funding sources for these services, and common barriers to employment and training—such as lack of access to child care, transportation, and stable housing—that these supports can address. The report was informed by interviews with 25 experts on workforce development and supportive services. It is a part of a larger Institute for Women’s Policy Research project on the role of supportive services in promoting job training and employment success that is funded by the Walmart Foundation.

 

Paid Sick Days Access and Usage Rates Vary by Race/Ethnicity, Occupation, and Earnings
by Jenny Xia, Jeffrey Hayes, Ph.D., Barbara Gault, Ph.D., and Hailey Nguyen (February 2016)

Utilizing data from the 2014 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), this briefing paper estimates the proportion of public and private sector workers ages 18 and older with access to paid sick days, and their use of paid sick days, by race and ethnicity, immigration status, occupation, earnings, job level (supervisor/nonsupervisory status), and other demographic and occupational characteristics.

 

Women Gain 55 Percent of Jobs in Last Year, 77 Percent in Last Month
by Institute for Women's Policy Research (February 2016)

The Institute for Women’s Policy Research (IWPR) analysis of the February employment report from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) finds that women gained 117,000 jobs and men gained 34,000 for a total of 151,000 jobs added in January. The overall unemployment rate declined from 5.0 percent in December to 4.9 percent in January.

 

Access to Paid Sick Time in St. Paul, Minnesota
by Jenny Xia (February 2016)

Approximately 42 percent of workers in St. Paul, Minnesota lack paid sick time, and low-income and part-time workers are especially unlikely to be covered. Access to paid sick time promotes safe and healthy work environments by reducing the spread of illness and workplace injuries, reduces health care costs, and supports children and families by helping parents to fulfill their caregiving responsibilities. This briefing paper presents estimates of access to paid sick time in St. Paul by sex, race and ethnicity, occupation, part/full-time employment status, and personal earnings through analysis of government data sources, including the 2012–2014 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) and the 2012-2014 American Community Survey (ACS).

 

Testimony before the Council of the District of Columbia Committee of the Whole regarding Bill 21-415, Universal Paid Leave Act of 2015
by Heidi Hartmann, Ph.D., and Jeffrey Hayes, Ph.D. (January 2016)

Testimony before the Council of the District of Columbia Committee of the Whole regarding Bill 21-415, Universal Paid Leave Act of 2015, presented on January 14, 2016.

 

Women and Men Share Stronger Job Gains in December—Women’s Unemployment Rate Is at 4.8 Percent; Men’s at 5.2 Percent
by Institute for Women's Policy Research (January 2016)

The Institute for Women’s Policy Research (IWPR) analysis of the January employment report from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) finds that women gained 141,000 jobs and men gained 151,000 for a total of 292,000 jobs added in December. Revisions to preliminary estimates of nonfarm payroll employment for October and November improved the picture for men adding 121,000 jobs to previous releases. Those revisions reduced the number of jobs added for women by 12,000 in October and November. The overall unemployment rate remained steady at 5.0 percent in November and December.

 

Brief of Institute for Women’s Policy Research, National Association of Social Workers, Texas Chapter of National Association of Social Workers, and Re:Gender as Amici Curiae In Support of Petitioners (Whole Woman’s Health v. Cole)
by Institute for Women's Policy Research, National Association of Social Workers, Texas Chapter of National Association of Social Workers, and Re:Gender (January 2016)

Amici the Institute for Women’s Policy Research, the National Association of Social Workers, the Texas Chapter of the National Association of Social Workers, and Re:Gender (formerly the National Council for Research on Women) are organizations committed to improving the health and well-being of women and their families nationally and in the state of Texas. They have submitted an amicus brief in support of the petitioners in Whole Woman’s Health v. Cole that sets forth the particularly poor health and well-being outcomes facing women and their families in the state of Texas, including higher cancer incidence and mortality rates, lower life expectancy, and lack of access to affordable health and prenatal care. The brief explains how these poor health outcomes in part reflect policy choices of the Texas legislature. It concludes by arguing that, although Texas has justified H.B. 2 as legislation intended to improve the health of women in the state, Texas’s track record suggests otherwise, and the Supreme Court should thus take into account Texas’s failure to implement various health promotion policies as it assesses whether the stated purpose behind H.B. 2 withstands constitutional scrutiny.

 

Quarterly Newsletter--Fall 2015
by Institute for Women's Policy Research (December 2015)

 

Men Gain Three Out of Four New Jobs in November —Overall Continued Strong Jobs Growth; Women Gained Majority of Jobs in Past Year
by Institute for Women's Policy Research (December 2015)

The Institute for Women’s Policy Research (IWPR) analysis of the December employment report from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) finds that women gained 54,000 jobs and men gained 157,000 for a total of 211,000 jobs added in November. Revisions to preliminary estimates of nonfarm payroll employment for September and October improved the picture for men adding 52,000 jobs to previous releases. Those revisions reduced the number of jobs added for women by 17,000 in September and October. The overall unemployment rate remained steady at 5.0 percent in October and November.

 

Strong Job Growth in October Lowers Unemployment Rate to 5 Percent: Women Gain 158,000 Jobs and Men Gain 113,000 Jobs
by Institute for Women's Policy Research (November 2015)

According to an Institute for Women’s Policy Research (IWPR) analysis of the November employment report from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), women gained 158,000 jobs and men gained 113,000 for a total of 271,000 jobs added in October. The overall unemployment rate declined to 5.0 percent in October from 5.1 percent in September.

 

The Best and Worst States Overall for Women in 2015
by Institute for Women's Policy Research (November 2015)

This Fact Sheet is based on findings from The Status of Women in the States: 2015, a comprehensive national report that presents and analyzes data for all 50 states and the District of Columbia.

 

Access to Paid Sick Time in Minneapolis, Minnesota
by Jessica Milli, Ph.D. (October 2015)

Approximately 42 percent of workers in Minneapolis, Minnesota lack paid sick time, and low-income and part-time workers are even less likely to be covered. Access to paid sick time promotes safe and healthy work environments by reducing the spread of illness and workplace injuries, reduces health care costs, and supports children and families by helping parents to fulfill their caregiving responsibilities. This briefing paper presents estimates of access to paid sick time in Minneapolis by sex, race and ethnicity, occupation, part/full-time employment status, and personal earnings through analysis of government data sources, including the 2011–2013 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) and the 2011-2013 American Community Survey (ACS).

 

The Economic Status of Women in Colorado
by Yana Mayayeva, Julie Anderson, Cynthia Hess, and Jessica Milli (October 2015)

This briefing paper assesses women’s economic status in Colorado, drawing comparisons with other states in the Mountain West region and the nation overall. It examines how women in Colorado fare on two composite indices—Employment & Earnings, and Poverty & Opportunity—and their component indicators. (For more on these indicators and IWPR’s Status of Women in the States initiative, see Appendix I or visit www.statusofwomendata.org.) The briefing paper also considers how women’s status in Colorado has changed over the last decade, highlights differences across age and racial and ethnic groups, and identifies policy recommendations to further improve women’s status.

 
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