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Research News Roundup: May 2014


Number of Mothers in U.S. Who Stay at Home Rises
By Jess Bidgood| | 4.8. 2014

“Likely driven in part by economic factors and changing demographics, the number of stay-at-home mothers in the United States has risen since 2000 after decades of decline, a report released Tuesday by the Pew Research Center shows. The researchers found that 29 percent of mothers with children younger than 18 — about 10.4 million women — stayed at home in 2012, compared with the historic low of 23 percent in 1999.”

Citing: After Decades of Decline, A Rise in Stay-at-Home Mothers by D’Vera Cohn, Gretchen Livingston and Wendy Wang, Pew Research Center

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25 Percent of People in Mississippi Can't Afford Food

By Eleanor Goldberg ||3.35.2014

"Twenty-five percent of Mississippi residents struggled to afford food last year— more so than any other state—a new Gallup report found. For the sixth straight year, Mississippians were the most likely to have problems putting food on the table, according to the report. Those who revealed that they've been struggling said that there was at least one point in the past year when they didn't have enough funds to buy the nourishment they or their families needed."

Citing: Mississippians Struggling to Afford Food Continued 2013 by Gallup

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How 'Male' Jobs Hurt Female Paychecks

By Olga Khazan| |3.19.2014

“Why do women still earn less than men? No seriously, why? The gender gap has been a problem even since I Love Lucy was a primetime hit, and we still dont have a complete explanation... New research out this week from the Institute for Women's Policy Research, a feminist think-tank, reveals some surprising, and dismaying, trends that perptuate this disparity. Women who worked full time in 2013 made 82.1 percent as much as their male counterparts, an increase of about one percent from last years, IWPR reported."

Citing: The Gender Wage Gap: 2013; Differences by Race and Ethnicity, No Growth in Real Wages for Women, by Ariane Hegewisch, Claudia Williams, Heidi Hartmann and Stephanie Keller Hudiburg,  Institute for Women's Policy Reseach

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Here's Why Women Nabbed More Than Half of New Jobs Last Month

Ruth Mantell| |3.7.2014

"The economy added 175,000 nonfarm positions in February, and 99,000 of those spots, of 57% went to women. The Institute for Women's Policy Research crunched the numbers for February and found that women gained 55,000 jobs in professional and business services, another 24,000 jobs in education and health services, and 14,000 jobs in leisure and hospitality. Meanwhile, longer-term trends sow that women's share of employment gains is flatterining out at about 50% - a reasonable level given that women represent almost helf the workforce, according to government data."

Citing: Women Gained 99,000 jobs in February by Institute for Women's Policy Research

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College Affordability for Low-Income Adults: Improving Returns on Investment for Families and Society
Barbara Gault, Lindsey Reichlin, and Stephanie Román | Institute for Women's Policy Research| April 2014

This report was prepared by the Institute for Women’s Policy Research (IWPR) as a part of a series of papers on defining college affordability sponsored by the Lumina Foundation. The report examines how efforts to understand and improve college affordability can be informed by the experiences and circumstances of low-income adults, students of color, and students with dependent children.
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Valuing Good Health in Illinois: The Costs and Benefits of Earned Sick Time

Insitute for Women's Policy Research| March 2014

This briefing paper uses data collected by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the U.S. Census Bureau to evaluate costs and benefits of Illinois' Earned Sick Time Act. It estimates how much time of Illinois workers would se under the proposed policy and the costs to employers for that earned sick time. This analysis also uses findings from previous peer-reviwed research to estimate cost-savings associated with the proposed policy, through reduced turnover, reduced spread of contagious diesease in the workplace, increased productivity; minimized nursing-home stays, and reduced norovirus outbreaks in nursing homes. The study is one of a series of analyses by IWPR examining the effects of earned sick time policies.

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America's Young Adults at 27: Labor Market Activity, Education, and Household Composition: Results from a Longitudinal Suvey

U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics|March 26, 2014

Young adults born in the early 1980s held an average of 6.2 jobs from age 18 through age 26, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Over two-thirds of these jobs were held from ages 18 to 22. Women with more education held more jobs than women with less education. Regardless of education, men held a similar number of jobs. These findings are from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997, a nationally representative survey of about 9,000 young men and women who were born during the years 1980 to 1984. These respondents were ages 12 to 17 when first interviewed in 1997, and ages 26 to 32 when interviewed for the 15th time in 2011-12. The survey provides information on work and nonwork experiences, training, schooling, income, assets, and other characteristics. The information provided by respondents is representative of all men and women born in the early 1980s and living in the United States when the survey began in 1997.

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The Effects of Minimum Wages on SNAP Enrollments and Expenditures

Rachel West and Michael Reich|Center for American Progress|March 2014

According to the finding in this report a 10 percent increase in the minimum wage reduces SNAP enrollment by between 2.4 percent and 3.2 percent and reduces program expenditures by an estimated 1.9 percent. Taking into account each state's 2014 minimum wage level, we apply these results to the legislative proposal put forward forward by Sen. Tom Harkins (D-IA) and Rep. George Miller (D-CA) to raise the federal minimum wage to $10.10 per hour. Our results imply that the effects of the Harkin-Miller proposal on the wage increases would reduce SNAP enrollments by between 6.5 percent and 9.2 percent (3.3 million to 3.8 million persons). The total anticipated annual decrease in program expenditures is nealy $4.6 billion, or about 6 percent of current SNAP program expenditures.

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