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IWPR Publication

The Gender Wage Gap: Progress of the 1980s Fails to Carry Through
by Heidi Hartmann, Ph.D., Vicky Lovell, Ph.D. (October 2003)

The gender wage gap is much narrower now than it was at the start of the revolutionary decade of the 1960s, when long-standing barriers to women's educational achievement and employment success began to be dismantled and the first of a series of critical equal employment opportunity standards were enacted by Congress. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the ratio of women’s to men’s earnings was 76.6 in 2002, for full-time workers employed year-round. The comparable figure in 1960 was 60.7.

#C353, Fact Sheet, 3 pages
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